Challenges in the community
According to a survey carried out by the World Health Organization (WHO), malaria is a global threat especially in Africa. It is the largest killer of children aged between 1-4 years. Three million people are infected with malaria every year. There are more than a million deaths yearly due to malaria, this means one death every 30 seconds. Although there is the provision of health services in both the public and the private sector in Bukoba, malaria is a high burden disease.
Most malaria-risk areas are also poverty areas whereby people earn under $2 a day. They are disadvantaged as they lack financial resources to fight against malaria. Because of this they don’t have access to effective medications and they cannot afford to use insecticides or insecticide-treated bed nets. When they get infected with malaria they are not able to go to school or work, this will results in poverty as they lack education or income. It is a vicious circle . High child mortality rates result in high birth rates which will result in low standards of living. Education for all the children becomes unaffordable. The economic loss caused by malaria in Africa is estimated at $12billion.
HI as a non-governmental organization will:
· assess the feasibility and impact of home-based management of malaria;
· assist with the targeted distribution of highly subsidized or free insecticide-treated mosquito nets;
· improve access to and utilization of antenatal care. Services among pregnant women (including the provision of intermittent preventive treatment);
· design and use picture and discussion-driven participatory communication tools for improved malaria awareness within the community; and
· use malaria prevention and control as an entry point for the development of a more broad-based public health intervention package.